Togoland, Africa
togo_flag.jpg
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During the "Scramble for Africa", Togoland was added to the group of small colonies that Germany was taking over. On July 5th, 1884 a treaty was signed by a chief from Togoland declaring that Togoland was now a member of the German protectorate. Togoland was the only colony that was self-supporting, therefore Germany wanted to take advantage of the colony's main export crops (cacao, coffee, and cotton).



Geography
The boundaries of Togo are mainly savanna plains that are separated by a range of hills in the center of the country. Togo is on a plateau, and the coastal plains are marshy. Only a small part of Togo's land can be used for permanent crops, but there is still a great crop production due to the availability of fresh water from lakes.

Culture
  • The name of Togo's culture is Togolese.
  • The majority of the country speaks French, but many other dialects are spoken there.
  • The races that make up the population of Togo are Native African Tribes, and European (99%).
  • The religions in Togo are a mix of Christianity, Islam, and Indigenous beliefs.

Agriculture
there are many products of agriculture in Togo are: yams, cotton, corn, palm, kernals, peanuts, sorghum, coffee and cocoa. The leading cash crops in Togo are coffee and cocoa.

Why was Togo colonized?
The coast of Africa was colonized first because of its location on the water. The Germans wanted these areas on the coast so they could set up ports so they can trade with other countries. While on an armed expedition to Africa, the Germans made an unexpected stop in Togo making a treaty with the natives called the German Protectorate. During the next few years Germany expanded to the interior and their protectorate grew greatly.
Natural Resource
  • Phosphates
  • Limestone
  • Marble
  • Arable Land
  • Gold

Positive Effects
One of the major positive effects of Togo's colonization was economic development. The Germans was looking to increase the wealth of their homeland so they established modern farms and mining. For a long time after these industries were established, Germany continued to benefit from them. One of the more minor positive effect of Togo's colonization was education. Germany felt that they could only increase their economic status by educating colonial subjects in Togo.

Negeative Effects
  • Native Africans no longer had much land that wasn't colonized.
  • Some groups that have a history of being enemies were forced into the same colony.
  • The original culture of the African natives was destroyed.
  • There was major social division and racial tension and violence.