French Imperialism in Madagascar

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Map of Madagascar from Infoplease

In 1896, Madagascar became a French colony.


  • World's Forth Largest Island
  • Center is mountainous and full of plateaus
  • Narrow Costal Line


  • French and Malagasy are the official languages of Madagascar
  • 52% of the populoation have indigenous beliefs concerning religion
  • Ethnicities consist of
    • Malayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo)
    • Cotiers
    • French
    • Indian
    • Creole
    • Comoran

Natural Resourses: Semiprecious stones, fish, hydropower, salt, and quartz are some of the common natural resourses that can be found in Madagascar.

Agricultural Products:Coffee, vanilla, sugarcane, cloves, cocoa, rice, beans, bananas, and peanuts.

Manufactured Products: (Shown Below)

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Organic Silks...........................Iron Objects ........................Zafimaniry Furniture

Why Was Madagascar An Attractive Possesion?
Madagascar had several qualities that made it immensely attractive to the French nation.
  • Madagascar was a large island so it could be easily accessible from all sides
  • More raw materials
  • Room for expanding markets
  • Madagascar was not very technologically advanced so it was easy for French to take over their colony.