German Southwest Africa
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Geography
-The geography of German Southwest Africa, now known as Namibia is a country in southern Africa on the Atlantic coast. It borders Angolia and Zambia to the north, Bostwana to the east, and South Africa to the south. In 1833 Franz Adolf Luderitz, a merchant from Bremen Germany, established a trading post. On April 24, 1884 German Southwest Africa was controlled by Germany as one of its colonies. With an area of 835,100 km it was one and a half the size of the German Empire at the time. This meant that there was much room for new German settlers to start a new life.


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Economy

-The Germans traded weaponry, wagons, and alcohol in return for cattle. Their trade was based on credit and over time tribal leaders became so in debt that they had to sell their land to pay for the goods that they wanted. Trade was good until an economic crisis happened. A infectious viral disease had effected 95% of the cattle in the land. This disaster led to more land being sold to the Germans and more men being forced to work in construction of railways. Mission stations fed the hungry and many natives converted to Christianity. When the Germans got there Southwest Africa was having a very harsh desert climate. Located in the German Southwest Africa there is the Namib Desert. There is little vegetation here with the exception of lichens found in dry river beds where plants can access subterranean water. Southwest Africa has diamond deposits also with many quantities of lead, zinc, tin, silver, and tungsten.



Native People
-The religion of the German Southwest Africans is mostly Christianity. Another religion is Lutheran with the rest of the population having indegenous beliefs. The Germans had a great impact on natives in Southwest Africa on their religion. So most of the natives turned their religion to Christianity. The native people later revolted against the Germans in 1893. Many farms were attacked and about 150 German settlers were killed. So the Germans brought in 14,000 troops and all that revolted were killed execpt for a few that had escaped.




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Positive Effects

- The positive effects on the Germans was they were able to find use resources in Southwest Africa. They also bulit railroad systems in Southwest Africa too. They also traded goods to get cattle which was a great food source for them to have. Also in later years to come, the Germans used the lands of Southwest Africa to fight battles in World War I.


Negative Effects
- The negative effects on the Germans was that the natives eventually revolted later in 1893. This lead to about 150 new German settlers dead, which might have made some people in Germany a little scared to settle in Southwest Africa. The land was also very dry and it had a desert climate. So there was not much vegetation to be grown. Another thing was that almost 95% of the cattle died because of a virus. So trade was not very good with the natives.

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