German East Africa
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Beginning of a New Colony
German East Africa is made up of present day countries of Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi. The colony was located on the east coast of Africa near the Indian Ocean. It was founded by Carl Peters and the Society of German Colonization on July 14, 1884. Peters required the colony by signing treaties with native chiefs across its mainland with help from Bismarck who sent in four warships to secure the colony from its native people.
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Economic Reasons
The colony of German East Africa was used mostly for agricultural purposes. The warm climate of the colony was used for large plantations of sisla and cotton. Also coffee and rubber trees were planted throughout the land. Over 200,000 acres of land were used for agricultural reasons. With such a surplus of cash crops and products railroads were needed to transport the goods to market. Railroads were developed throughout German East Africa among these railroads were the Central Railroad and Northern Railroad in which stretched up to 700 miles across the colony. As well as Railroad transportation, goods were also moved over seas using the port city of Dar es Salaam on the coast of the Indian Ocean. Along with transportation of goods Dar es Salaam developed into a trade market with neighboring couintries. It also became the capital city receiving many freighters and visiting passenger boats per year.
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Native People
Native People of German East Africa included Arabians and Indian tribes including the Bantu, Masai, and Wakuafi. Most of the native inhabitants of the colony are nomadic and warlike. Native tribes are spread throughout the entire country and the few that are not nomadic, live in mud-plastered houses called tembes. Many of the natives are Muslims but there are small groups of Christians.
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Positive Effects
The positive effects of imperialism are that it gives the countries more land to expand their territory. Imperialism gives the European countries a chance to gain to develop new agriculture and colonies. With new territory new resources can be obtained that the original country did not have. As new resources are gathered and developed in the colonies the country has a chance to get ahead of other countries in areas of trade and business.
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Negative Effects
The negative effects are mostly towards the native people of the overrun colonies. The natives are run from their homes by overpowering European countries that won't stop. The Europeans have modern weapons such as the Maxim Machine Gun and easily took over the less advanced natives. Imperialism is unjust to the original inhabitants of these colonies and only benefited the conquering country.
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