French Imperialism in Algeria: external image AL20.gif

GEOGRAPHY:

Algeria is the second largest country in Africa, which made it a desirable territory. It borders the Mediterranean Sea and consists mostly of deserts and plateaus with some mountains and a narrow coastal plain. It's size was the most considerable factor in France's view of Algeria.

CULTURE:

The primary language of Algeria is Arabic, with French being the second language. Islam is the major religion and the majority of Algerians are Muslims. Since the breakaway from France, Christianity is the second most popular religion. Rai is a popular form of music in Algeria that was very well-liked by the French. Algeria also is popular for hand-crafts and is very successful in areas such as carpet, class,ceramic, leather, pottery and silver work making.

NATURAL RESOURCES:


The main natural resources in Algeria are petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates,uranium, lead and zinc

AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS:


The main agricultural products in Algeria are wheat, barley,potatoes, pulses, and citrus fruits. 25% of Algeria's population is engaged in Agriculture.

MANUFACTURED PRODUCTS:


Algeria imports many dairy products as well as materials for the agriculture industry or golf courses, landscaping, horse breeding, and small farmed businesses.




external image medsea.gif

www.worldatlas.com/ aatlas/infopage/medsea.htm
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BACKGROUND INFORMATION:

The French first occupied Algeria in 1830 to try to reestablish their authority in the Mediterranean. In 1830, there was a dispute between the dey(governor) or Algeria and France over an old debt. During this, the dey struck the French representative with a fly swatter. This led to the french blockade of Algeria, not because of French interest in Algeria, but mostly because the monarchy of Charles X, who was already very unpopular, could not afford a foreign polocy defeat. The French occoupied areas in Algeria that were strategic and able to be colonized.France wanted to "civilize" Algeria and bring over French language and customs.


LITTLE RESISTANCE IN ALGERIA:

In Algeria, there was few resistance on account of the desire for peace and good relations with European countries. This resulted in Algerian surrender rather than a fight.



POSOTIVE EFFECTS OF FRENCH IMPERIALISM IN ALGERIA:

  • introduction of modernized transportation.
  • introduction of modernized communication systems.
  • Introduction of European medicine led to an improved nutrtition and increased population.
  • Algeria established a currency(see picture below)

external image Algeria.jpg
http://vernondent.blogspot.com/2005_04_01_archive.html


NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF FRENCH IMPERIALISM IN ALGERIA:

  • Algerians were seen as inferiror to the French.
  • Algerians were not seen as citizens.
  • Many were denied education.
  • Algerians were forced to adapt to french culture.
  • There was much military conflict which resulted in war between Algeria and France. MAny Africans lost thier lives and were subjected to much pain and torment by the French.

THE MAYJOR LONG TERM EFFECT!

The defeat of imperiailism in Algeria forced Paris to accept it's loss of status as an imperial power and dedicate its energies to reinforcing it's role in Europe. With ALgeria free from French pverview, they were able to focus on initial African values as well as continue to become more civilized and advanced. France was able to focus more on industrializing Europe and focus on becoming more industrialy powereful.